Quran Learning Journey: The Heart of Tawhid – Surah Al-Ikhlas

by 4 April 20240 comments

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Surah Al-Ikhlas, the 112th chapter of the Quran, strongly represents Tawhid, the central idea of Islamic monotheism. In its short verses, this surah conveys the main idea of the oneness of Allah, making it an important belief for believers. Looking into Surah Al-Ikhlas shows a deep collection of spiritual wisdom, deep thinking, and useful advice that is important in Islam.

Before delving into the profound meanings of Surah Al-Ikhlas, it is important to understand its historical context and the circumstances surrounding its revelation. The surah was revealed in Mecca, during a time when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ worked hard to share the message of Islam with a society that strongly believed in polytheism.

As people were filled with doubt and opposed the Prophet, Surah Al-Ikhlas became a brief but powerful answer to the basic question of the one God.


The Linguistic Beauty of Al-Ikhlas

Surah Al-Ikhlas, though comprising only four verses, showcases a remarkable blend of brevity and eloquence that captures the essence of the Arabic language. The precision in its linguistic expression not only contributes to its memorability but also accentuates the clarity and simplicity of its profound message. Each word is meticulously chosen, creating a powerful impact and ensuring accessibility to individuals of diverse linguistic backgrounds. 


Tawhid Unveiled: A Theological Exploration

At the heart of Surah Al-Ikhlas lies the concept of Tawhid, the affirmation of Allah’s absolute oneness. The verses in Surah Al-Ikhlas briefly talk about Tawhid, covering three aspects: Allah’s oneness in His essence, qualities, and actions.


1. Essence of Allah’s Oneness 

The opening verse emphatically declares the oneness of Allah,

Al Ikhlas Verse 1 Quran Learning Journey: The Heart of Tawhid - Surah Al-Ikhlas

Which means: Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “He is Allah—One ˹and Indivisible˺;

This verse emphasizes that there is no deity but Him. This aspect of Tawhid uncovers the uniqueness and indivisibility of Allah’s essence, transcending any association with created beings.

2. Eternal Refuge 

Surah Al-Ikhlas describes Allah as the “Eternal Refuge,” highlighting His eternal and unchanging nature. This point is mentioned is verse 2 from the Surah,

Al Ikhlas Verse 2 Quran Learning Journey: The Heart of Tawhid - Surah Al-Ikhlas

Which means: Allah—the Sustainer ˹needed by all˺.

This attribute serves as a source of solace for believers, emphasizing Allah’s permanence as the ultimate refuge in times of distress and uncertainty.

3. Beyond Begetting and Birth

In the third verse, when it says Allah doesn’t have children or is born,

Al Ikhlas Verse 3 Quran Learning Journey: The Heart of Tawhid - Surah Al-Ikhlas 

Which means: He has never had offspring, nor was He born.

It emphasizes that Allah doesn’t share human qualities. It firmly dismisses the notion that Allah has children or parents, highlighting the distinct separation between Allah, the Creator, and His creation. This underlines the unique and incomparable nature of Allah, who stands apart from any human characteristics or relationships.

4. Incomparable to Creation 

The last verse firmly rejects the idea of anything being similar to Allah, emphasizing His transcendence beyond human understanding. This emphasizes that Allah is beyond comparison, and His nature surpasses the limits of human comprehension. The verse goes:

Al Ikhlas Verse 4 Quran Learning Journey: The Heart of Tawhid - Surah Al-Ikhlas

Which means: And there is none comparable to Him.

Benefits of reciting Surah Al-Ikhlas

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported: A man heard another man reciting, “Say, He is Allah, the One,” (112:1) again and again. The next morning he came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and told him about it, as if he thought it was not enough to recite. The Prophet said, “By the One in whose hand is my soul, it is equal to a third of the Quran.” (Hadith Narrated by Imam Al-Bukhari).

In summary, Surah Al-Ikhlas is a timeless reminder of Allah’s oneness, expressing the core concept of Tawhid. Its short length, beautiful language, and deep teachings make it a guide for Muslims worldwide. Beyond its religious importance, the surah influences daily life, shaping good behavior, promoting gratitude, and aiding in spiritual reflection. 

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About The Author

Ustazah Nurfilzah

Nurfilzah Binte Mohamad Noor serves as the Assistant Manager of Trust & Safety Content Moderation at Muslim Pro/Qalbox. Through her work, she strives to promote understanding, respect, and unity within the Muslim community. With a background rooted in trust and safety management, Nurfilzah remains steadfast in her mission to enhance the online experience for users worldwide.


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