The History of Safa Marwa

by 17 July 202218 comments

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

The History of Safa Marwa

by Ustaz Vincent Souleymane

The race between the Safa and Marwah mountains is part of the obligatory rites of the great pilgrimage (al hajj) and the small pilgrimage (al ‘umra).

اِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَاۤىِٕرِ اللّٰهِ ۚ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ اَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ اَنْ يَّطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا

“Indeed, the hills of Safa and Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever performs the pilgrimage or minor pilgrimage, let them walk between the two hills.”

[Al-Baqarah 2:158]

It commemorates the episode of the life of Hajar, the wife of the Prophet Ibrahim, mother of the Prophet Isma’îl.

When the place that would later become the city of Makkah was a desert place, without human beings, plants or water, Ibrahim, brought his wife Hajar and his baby son, Ismail. Allah ordered him to leave them in this place where life was impossible.

In this, there is a great trial for our father Ibrahim, who was old and had wanted so much to have a son.

As for Hajar, when she knew that the order to leave them there came from Allah, she said “Then He will not abandon us.” We also see in this reaction, how much Hajar trusted her Lord.

As she lay under the hot desert sun, her baby was beginning to dehydrate, and she began to search for water with the fervor of a mother who wanted to save her son’s life.

She went back and forth between Mount Safa and Mount Marwa until the angel Jibril appeared and struck the ground, spouting the blessed spring of ZamZam, which continues to flow to this day as pilgrims drink from it every year by the millions and bring it home.

pexels cottonbro 10678358 The History of Safa Marwa 


 [Photo: Pexels/Cottonbro]

She was thus able to give her son water and this place became a watering place, something so precious in the middle of the desert. Later on, the Arab tribe of Jahum from Yemen passed by and asked Hajar for permission to settle down.

It is in commemoration of this episode in the life of the blessed family composed of Ibrâhîm, Ismâ’îl and Hâjar, that Allah has ordered us to reproduce these journeys between the mounts Safa and Marwa during the pilgrimage.

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Contributed by Vincent Souleymane

Vincent Souleymane, a French imam and shariah advisor at Muslim Pro, has devoted his time to study and enrich others with the knowledge of Islamic sciences ever since he converted to the religion in 1999. During his studies at the Oussoul Eddine Institute in Saint-Denis, he became aware of the importance of devotion to Allah and decided to continue his religious studies at the daroul ouloum achrafiya of the Island La Réunion and at the IESH of Château Chinon. Since then, Vincent Souleymane devotes himself to the Almighty by teaching Islam at the Oussoul Eddine Institute, as well as being an imam at the Fontenay sous Bois Mosque.

About The Author

Muslim Pro Contributor

Discover insightful articles written by valued Muslim Pro Contributors. Our diverse community of writers comprises Shariah Advisors, Asatizah, and talented freelance writers hailing from across the globe.


  1. Marwa Muthmainna

    Ma syaa Allah, this platform alliwed us learn easily, everywhere, anytime
    Barakallahu fiik

  2. Alebiosu Adeola


    • Anam

      Ma shaa allah. Love this story. Thank you for letting us know.

  3. Atif Hussain

    Very informative for a person like me,love you Vincent Souleymane

    • Anam

      Ma shaa allah. Live this story. Thank you for letting us know.

  4. Farda

    Nice content, may Almighty Allah be pleased with u. Ameen

  5. june webber

    Assalamualaikum Warahmattullahi Wabarakatu Thank you for the history of Safa Marwa. It is always inspirational to read anything from the Qur’an and this is a very beautiful event. Also to know about the origins of the Zam Zam well is very amazing.

  6. Abass Suleiman Musah

    May Allah Almighty bless our trust worthy scholars in the religion and bless us all the ummatee rasool

  7. Haji Shamsuddin Mohamed Said

    Alhamdulillah.. 🤲.
    Brief, Relevant and Consistent with Knowledge in doing our Ibadah.

  8. Nasiru Ahmad GORA

    I really enjoyed the article.
    JazakaAllah KHAIRAN.

  9. Zenab mirza

    It was a great feeling and I wish one day I will come to that place inshallah Jo bhi hai padh rha hai plzz dua Krna mere haq mai …

  10. Abdulbaki

    Good History

  11. Yasmin

    Very good

  12. Alhakim

    It always feels great. To get knowledge every day

  13. Ayaz Malik

    Very well covered all the key aspects, enlightening the bases, created interestingi features towards similar events. Thanks.



  15. Mawata Dulleh

    Allahamdulilah… this is a beautiful lesson for me to be able to educate myself more about islamic 🤲🤲

  16. Dauda Amao

    Unforgettable history for me to pass on about Safar Marwa


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